Skip to content

Issue 1: Landscape Scale Conservation

Header1Mark Hamblin/2020VISION/CNPA


  • Targeting woodland expansion to the most beneficial places and delivering key woodland linkages between catchments;
  • Restoring the missing montane woodland habitat;
  • Ensuring priority species conservation is built into habitat enhancement;
  • Maintaining designated features in favourable condition and using designated sites more flexibly to help deliver the wider vision for ecosystem restoration;
  • Tackling the 50% decline in freshwater pearl mussels in the River Spey;
  • Maintaining and increasing capercaillie populations for which 80% of the national population is within the National Park;
  • Safeguarding of protected species, including Scottish wildcats and birds of prey, by expanding populations and ranges; and
  • Improving knowledge and research on the status and distribution of rare, endangered and protected species needed to underpin conservation efforts.
Bogbean / buckbean flowering in pool systemPeter Cairns/2020VISION/CNPA

Water quality classification of waterbodies within and overlapping the National Park

Graph showing water quality


  • More resilient and better connected woodlands, wetlands and uplands;
  • A more extensive and better connected forest and restored montane woodland habitat;
  • The network of designated sites contributes to delivering the wider landscape vision;
  • The percentage of designated features in favourable conditions is higher than the national average;
  • A clear understanding of the status and requirements of priority species through surveys, monitoring and research;
  • Long term land management commitments to meet priority species’ needs; and
  • Meet Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 woodland expansion targets and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Scattered birch and pine woodland in autumnMark Hamblin/2020VISION/CNPA

Area of new native woodland created in the Cairngorms National Park 2009-2015

Graph showing new native woodland


  • Collaboration across land holdings
  • Cairngorms Nature
  • Catchment partnerships
  • Designated site management
  • Capercaillie Framework
  • Deer management groups
  • Scottish Rural Development Programme
  • Cairngorms Research Strategy

Mountains, Blair Atholl

Areas of woodland and potential woodland expansion in the Cairngorms National Park


Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of HMSO. © Crown copyright and database right 2016. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100040965 Cairngorms National Park Authority. © Forestry Commission Scotland.


  • What more can be done to encourage woodland expansion and active woodland management in appropriate places?

  • What are the best ways to support collaboration at a landscape scale?

  • How can designated sites help deliver large scale ecosystem restoration?

Explore the other big issues

Issue 2 - Deer and Moorland Management
Issue 2 - Deer and Moorland Management 
Issue 3 - Flood Management
Issue 3 - Flood Management 
Issue 4 - Visitor Infrastructure and Information
Issue 4 - Visitor Infrastructure and Information